Gastroscopy & Endoscopy
Unfortunately, gastric issues in the horse are relatively common, especially the high incidence of gastric ulceration. It doesn’t help that environmental changes and performance schedules add another layer of stress. Our doctors encourage horse owners to look for any signs of a potential issue early so that we can properly perform an examination of the stomach, known as gastroscopy so treatment can be started quickly. Dr. Weldon is a trained internal medicine specialist and highly skilled at endoscopic procedures.
What is Equine gastroscopy:
gastroscopy is a procedure where a 10 foot long, very narrow, 1 cm diameter tube which has a small digital camera in the end is inserted in the horse’s nose and passed all the way down the esophagus to evaluate the inside of the horse’s stomach. This is the same as passing a nasogastric tube. Your horse will be mildly sedated so that there is no discomfort. Additionally, we will discuss with you prior to the procedure that your horse will need to be fasted approximately 12 hours before the gastroscopy. Water is also withheld 4 hours prior to the procedure. This way there is no food material or water inside the stomach which could obstruct our ability to image areas that might be abnormal. Typically, this means withholding all feed and hay after midnight and performing the procedure first thing in the morning that way they are not without food for a prolonged period of time.
High-definition video it will be obtained which allows a complete examination of the esophagus, squamous and glandular portions of the stomach as well as the pylorus and duodenum which is the proximal portion of the small intestine.
Once the procedure is completed, which takes approximately 30 minutes, you will be able to feed your horse again in about one hour.
How does your horse feel during gastroscopy?
The procedure is not painful for your horse. They will receive in mild sedative to ease any potential stress or discomfort. As a result, the insertion of the tube only feels like a tickling sensation and no different from the typical passing of a nasogastric tube. Your horse may receive an anesthetic in his or her nose to minimize the discomfort as well.
What gastroscopy can diagnose:
Gastroscopy is a procedure are doctors used to diagnose gastric ulcers because it is the only way to ocular diagnose an ulcer and determine the type. The two main types of ulcers are squamous ulcer disease and glandular ulcer disease. These two forms are treated differently and have different causes. Squamous ulceration is caused by acid splashing, and can be associated with stress and certain medication use. Glandular ulcer disease is different in that it is a disease of unknown ideology and responds poorly to the typical anti-ulcer medication. It can only be diagnosed via gastroscopy. The use of stool sample ulcer testing is highly unreliable. Additionally, lesions on the pylorus and in the proximal small intestine can also be imaged, as well as foreign bodies and gastric impactions.
Treating issues after gastroscopy:
After our veterinarians confirm any issues, your horse will receive treatment. For gastric ulcer syndrome, standard treatment is medication or a combination of medications. Some examples include omeprazole and misoprostol. Omeprazole, sold under the brand-name Gastrogard (Prilosec for humans) is a proton pump inhibitor. It reduces the amount of acid in your Horses stomach produces. Omeprazole is destroyed by stomach acid therefore the proprietary formulation of Gastrogard must be used, generic formulations of this drug are ineffective. Misoprostol is an additional medication used to treat gastric ulcers as well as it is a prostaglandin which increases the health of the mucin layer protecting the stomach lining.
New research has shown more successful treatment of glandular ulcer disease with a long-acting injectable form of omeprazole which can provide a much longer duration of acid suppression.
Jacksonville Equine uses a state of the art video endoscopy system that allows our doctors to directly image structures in the nasal passages, upper airway and esophagus. With this imaging modality we are able to safely and painlessly examine your horse for causes of nasal discharge, cough, bleeding or poor performance.
What to expect:
Your horse will recieve a light sedative
Next your vet will insert a specialized narrow tube with a high definition camera into the nose and while being passed the airways are thoroughly examined.
Additionally, any samples that can assist in getting a diagnosis are obtained.
After the procedure is done, your horse will just need 45 minutes roughly to fully wake up and resume normal activity
To learn more about our diagnostic imaging, or to schedule an appointment, contact Jacksonville Equine Associates today at (904) 387-3330.